Refus Global, sixty two years later

On August 9, 1948, painter Paul-Émile Borduas and a group of other Québécois artists signed a manifesto called "Refus Global," or loosely translated into English: "Global Repudiation." It was a manifesto that expressed a deepening frustration with traditional Québec society, and the iron grip which the Roman Catholic clergy had upon all aspects of everyday life, as well as