Memorials and Things of Fame


 Being curious, I Googled "invention laser year":

A little boy by the name of Gordon Gould was the son of Kenneth Miller and Helen Gould. He was born in New York City on July 17, 1920...

One night in November of 1957, while lying in bed unable to sleep he was struck with an idea. He knew how to build a laser using the idea of optical pumping. The next thing he needed to do was to write down his thoughts and begin sketching some drawings of how an apparatus could emit powerful light. Before he could begin any type of calculations for the energy to be used, he wanted to assign a name to this idea. He decided upon the word laser, which stood for Light Amplification by Simulated Emission of Radiation. Yes, you are correct if this sounds somewhat familiar...

That's all, folks. is what I found:

The name LASER is an acronym for Light Amplification by the Stimulated
Emission of Radiation. In 1917, Albert Einstein first theorized about
the process which makes lasers possible called "Stimulated Emission."

In 1958, Charles Townes and Arthur Schawlow theorized and published
papers about a visible laser, an invention that would use infrared
and/or visible spectrum light, however, they did not proceed with any
research at the time.

Gordon Gould was the first person to use the word "laser". There is
good reason to believe that Gordon Gould made the first light
laser.Gordon Gould was inspired to build his optical laser starting in
1958. He failed to file for a patent his invention until 1959. As a
result, Gordon Gould's patent was refused and his technology was
exploited by others. It took until 1977 for Gordon Gould to finally win
his patent war and receive his first patent for the laser.